When your eye is injured by a blunt object
Your eye or the eye of your loved one has been injured by a blunt object hitting the eye without going into, or piercing, the eye itself. This is called a blunt injury.
What will the doctor do after my child has a blunt injury?
The eye doctor will check your eye. The first thing that he will do is try to understand what hit your eye and how did it hit the eye.
The next thing that the doctor will do is
If the back part of the eye cannot be seen for certain reasons then an ultrasound of the eye may be ordered to see the back part of the eye.
The doctor may also ask for an x-ray or a CT scan to look for any bone injuries.
What can happen to my eye because of blunt injury?
What happens to the eye because of an injury will depend on how severe the injury was. It will also depend on the object with which the eye was injured.
Your doctor may use the following terms while explaining to you your eye condition-
Epithelial defect – here the very superficial layer of the cornea is abraded and there is a
small gap in the continuity of that layer
Eye inflammation – due to the injury there is a reaction in the eye which is also called as uveitis
Hyphaema – when there is bleeding in the front part of the eye it collects at the bottom
Corneal Edema – due to the injury there is damage to the front layer of the eye known as cornea and due to this damage it becomes slightly hazy due to collection of some fluid within its substance.
Cataract – sometimes due to injury the lens is damaged and becomes opaque
Dislocation of lens – due to the impact of the inury the lens may get dislodged from its position
Retinal detachment – due to the impact of the injury
Glaucoma – the eye pressure becomes high due to the trauma
Vitreous hemorrhage – bleeding occurring in the back part of the eye
How will the doctor treat my eye?
The first thing that the doctor will do will be to have your vision checked. This will give us an idea as to how severely is the eye affected. After that the eye is examined in detail and then the treatment is mooted out. The treatment depends on what damage has been cause to the eye. It may range from some eye drops that your doctor wants you to apply in the eye to patching the eye for a day or more and in the more severe cases even surgery.
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