The type of cataract can differ based on where the white opacity is located in the eye’s lens, but the treatment remains the same for all types.
- Nuclear Cataract is a type of cataract that affects the centre of the lens. Central cataracts are most commonly seen in age-related cataracts. A nuclear cataract may cause a phenomenon called ‘second sight’. This occurs because this cataract causes more nearsightedness or a temporary improvement in your reading vision. Individuals may feel that with age, their eye health is improving. But with time, the lens gradually turns more densely yellow and further clouds your vision. As the cataract slowly progresses, the lens may even turn brown. Advanced yellowing or browning of the lens can lead to difficulty distinguishing between shades of colour.
- A cortical Cataract is a type of cataract that affects the edges of the eye lens. These are more white than cortical cataracts. A cortical cataract begins as wedge-shaped opacities or streaks on the outer edge of the lens cortex. As it progresses, the lines extend to the center and interfere with light passing through the center of the lens. These cataracts reduce the quality of vision and are seen more in people with diabetes.
- A posterior Subcapsular Cataract is a type of cataract that affects the back of the lens are posterior subcapsular cataracts. A posterior subcapsular cataract starts as a small, opaque area that usually forms near the back of the lens. This opacity is generally present right in the path of light. It thus interferes with your reading vision, reduces your vision in bright light, and causes glare or halos around lights at night. This can be particularly difficult while driving at night. Sometimes these are associated with another type called the posterior polar cataract. Posterior polar involves a part of the capsule of the lens. A capsule is like a bag that holds the lens in place. Usually, the capsule remains clear while the cataract develops. If the capsule is involved, there is a slight modification in the surgical procedure.
- Congenital Cataract is a Cataract you’re born with, some people are born with cataracts or develop them during childhood. These cataracts may be genetic or associated with an intrauterine infection or trauma. Congenital cataracts are treated as soon as possible to reduce the risk of developing amblyopia or lazy eye.
These cataracts may occur due to certain conditions, such as myotonic dystrophy, galactosemia, neurofibromatosis type 2, or rubella.
If you’re seeking a solution for cataracts in Mumbai, look no further than Eye Solution. Our hospital is one of the top eye care facilities in the city, providing cataract surgery for all types of cataracts. Our skilled surgeons use the latest technology and techniques to deliver outstanding results. Book an eye appointment now to receive the highest level of care for your cataract needs at Eye Solution.