Floaters are those specks or spots in your vision that move about when you change your gaze. Typically, they are just a nuisance and eventually go away independently. But for some people, floaters stay around and can be very disturbing.
Floaters are a phenomenon that is typically seen in older adults. Most of them have normal eyes. Some may have certain eye conditions which can lead to floaters. Floaters are not considered a serious medical condition and are usually harmless. The most common symptoms of floaters include seeing specks, strings, or cobwebs in your vision which might move as you do or be stationary if you standstill.
Any of the following can cause floaters in the eyes:
1. Aging- most people will experience floaters or flashes in their eyes as they age, which is often associated with a condition called posterior vitreous detachment. This jelly at the back of the eye, called the vitreous jelly, is attached to the retina at specific points. With age, this vitreous jelly contracts and detaches from these attachments. Once it is separated, the degenerated vitreous becomes mobile, and the opacities within the jelly appear as floaters.
2. Physical injury to the eye is often associated with sudden pain and floaters due to bleeding within the eye.
3. Disease or infection- conditions like diabetes, high blood pressure, or inflammation in the iris are often related to floaters and flashes in your eyes.
4. Coagulation of blood cells or vitreous gel within the eye- this can be caused by a retina tear or detachment, which leads to coagulated blood cells that cause a flap across your field of vision when you look at something close up
5. Retinal tear or detachment. This, too, can happen during the process of vitreous separation. The vitreous jelly pulls on the retina during this process and can cause retinal tears or holes. When these holes or tears occur, there is a release of pigments in the eyes, and these pigments appear as floaters in the eyes. These holes or tears can lead to a retinal detachment. Most of the time, a retinal detachment will need retinal detachment surgery to fix it.
Floaters are tiny bits of protein or cells that float in the vitreous humour, which is the fluid inside your eye. They form when parts of your retina slowly detach from the back wall of your eye and float to the front, where they can be seen.
Floaters are not a cause for concern as they don't indicate anything serious. It is a common complaint, and it does not cause any pain or affect vision. You can usually ignore them or try to get rid of them by looking into bright light such as sunlight.
These floaters may appear as black, grey, white, yellowish, greenish spots that intermittently drift through the field of vision and may seem like streaks before disappearing. The presence of floaters does not usually mean anything serious and should not cause any vision-related problems.
The first thing you should do is find out what might be causing the floaters in your vision. Smoking, drinking alcohol, time pressures, or computer work can all cause floaters to worsen over time. If you have been having these problems for a while, the floaters may be caused by something more severe like retinal detachment or other eye disorders like macular degeneration. It would help if you talked to your doctor about this issue as soon as possible.
Thus treatment of floaters in the eye would depend on why these floaters are occurring in the first place.
Age-related floaters in the eyes is an age-related problem. They are not serious, but they can cause some visual disturbances and make it difficult to focus on what's happening in front of you.
It is not possible to get rid of.
However, this is what usually happens.
PRO TIP: It is essential to not think about the floaters or look for them. The more you look for them, the more you will see them and the more they will bother you.