Squints are treated by squint specialists and Eye Solutions has the Best Squint specialist in Mumbai. They are also known as ‘strabismologists’. Squint surgeries are one of two surgeries that Dr Garg performs. The other being cataract surgeries.
A squint examination or Squint test is a type of examination done after a routine examination or routine eye test, to analyze the squint.
There are two things that squint specialists look for.
We, as squint specialists, want to be able to find out what type of squint the patient has. There are many types of squint and it’s important to know which type the patient has. In other words, we want to know the cause of the squint. Why has the squint occurred in a particular patient? Does it fit a certain pattern that has already been described in our books? Some of the questions squint specialists seek answers to are
These questions don’t stop here but you get the idea…..
After this, we want to be able to measure the squint and actually quantify the size of the deviation. This helps in planning the surgery.
A squint eye test involves -
The measurement is done in all nine gazes and you can see in the picture below and then we document these measurements as shown. This documentation is very important to reach a decision of which muscles to operate and how much to operate them by.
Yes, sometimes this process can take longer and can be tiring for the patient but it is one of the most important steps of a squint examination.
Sometimes we may do a few other tests too
Each of the points mentioned above forms part of a squint eye test. It may take more than 15-30 minutes to do this part of the examination.
Eye Solutions can be considered as one of the best eye hospitals in India for squint treatment because we not only have a best squint specialist in Mumbai but also pediatric optometrists, pediatric anesthetists and a team that is tuned to treat children and also assist families whose children undergo surgery.
Squints should be treated early so that it is most effective. Different types of treatments are available including the use of glasses, eye exercises, and surgery of the eye muscles.
Most patients, however, require surgical correction. Surgery is done under general anesthesia in children and under local anesthesia in adults.
The aim of the surgery is to tighten or loosen specific eye muscles required to realign the eyes. This is planned for both eyes simultaneously or one at a time depending on the type of squint and what your squint specialist is comfortable with. Occasionally alignment is not achieved with the first surgery and additional surgery is needed. Usually, for all types of squints, we find that upto 80% of patients don’t require another surgery to correct the squint, but there is always a possibility that another surgery may be needed.
The eye muscles are situated outside the eyeball and the procedure involves working on the white portion of the eyeball. The eyeball itself is not opened or entered.
The principle of surgery is to weaken the stronger muscle and strengthen the weaker muscle. Either one or several muscles may be operated upon, depending on the type and severity of squint.
Read about: Squint Surgery