Cataracts (or motiya in the eyes) are the most commonly seen eye conditions. We have purposely not called it a disease. A cataract is an ageing process of the lens usually present in the eyes. Cataract Surgery is one of the most common surgeries our ophthalmologists/eye doctors/cataract surgeons perform at Eye Solutions. The surgery is called 'Phacoemulsification' or 'Phaco Surgery' or 'Motiya Operation' in Hindi. You can safely consider eye Solutions one of the best hospitals for Motiyabind operation or cataract surgery.
The word "Cataract" means a large waterfall. You will agree a large waterfall is usually white. So is the medical condition of cataract or Motiya.
When we look at someone, we see brown eyes, and this brown part is known as the iris. There is a transparent layer in front of the iris called the cornea. Usually, contact lens wearers are aware of this layer because they wear their contact lenses on the cornea.
You will see a central black circle in the iris if you notice it closely. This black circle is a hole in the iris called the pupil. The eye's natural lens is situated behind the iris and is visible through the pupil. Through this pupil, light enters the eye, and one can see things.
We are all born with this natural lens in the eye. This lens helps to focus light rays onto the retina to see clearly.
All of us have used a camera. We know that sometimes the camera takes a few seconds to focus on something to make it clear. The camera autofocusses. You will agree that we humans can see clearly for all distances, be it very far or very near. That's because this lens inside the eye helps in autofocussing similar to a camera. As we age, this ability to autofocus reduces, which is felt first at around 42 years. Thus, at about 42 years, one may think they are not comfortable reading things for near. As the years go by, the reading number gradually increases. That is why we need a reading number of higher numbers as we age.
Now, proteins make up the natural lens of the eye. These proteins age as we grow older. With age, the protein fibers' colour and consistency change, and slowly the fibers become yellow and white. This lens is known as a CATARACT.
Thus, one should not consider a cataract as a disease and worry. It is nothing but an ageing process, and it's natural for a cataract to occur.
So with age, the transparent lens is now made up of yellow and white fibers, thus blocking some light from entering the eye. At this point, a person with a cataract starts complaining of poor vision and may visit their ophthalmologist.
During the initial stages of cataract, the complaints are mild. Like halos around the oncoming headlights or poor vision in dim light, or simply not being happy with their vision.
In the later stages, as the cataract advances, people may complain of poor vision. Some may also not be able to perform routine daily activities.
Many years ago, let's say 35 years ago, technology was not available with an ophthalmologist to treat or operate on a cataract in the early stages. Thus, the ophthalmologist always told the patient that the cataract was not ripe and should wait longer. The patient and the ophthalmologist were willing for surgery, but the technology did not permit that to happen. Today ophthalmologists can perform cataract surgery even before a cataract has developed because of the available technology.
The answer to that is simple. One can undergo cataract surgery when one feels that you are not enjoying your vision. Now, enjoying the quality of vision is different for different people. Some may choose to get it done early, and others may choose to do it late. Both the choices are correct, and there is no right or wrong.
Cataract surgery is done by 'Phacoemulsification,' also known as 'Phaco Surgery.' Eye doctors or ophthalmologists perform it. All ophthalmologists are cataract surgeons.
But the fact remains that surgery is the only option to correct or improve vision affected by cataracts.
The first thing to do would be to undergo a cataract consultation by your ophthalmologist. It would help you understand if you even have a cataract and the next steps you could consider taking.